Tremosine: Territory : Vegetation :

Vegetation

 

For thousands of years, the trees, woods and general vegetation have helped humankind: wood was needed to make the fire where people warmed themselves and cooked, and to melt metals. Wood was used for building dams, towns, means of transport, utensils, furniture. The vegetation that was destroyed left fertile land for farmers to plant their crops. Trees and plants produce the oxygen we need and abate carbon dioxide, which is toxic for humans. Plants stabilise the soil and help to prevent water eroding it or the wind blowing it away; they provide shelter for animals.

People have learnt to repay nature for its help by developing and perfecting models of ideal forest stewardship, trying to reconcile production needs with aesthetic and protection factors by carrying out replanting programmes.

This close relationship is easy to see in the Upper Garda Park: the finest high forests are on public land, while coppice woods are more commonly found on private land. This is due to the centuries-old problem of people having to use wood-cutting as a way of extracting the maximum income from their woodland. However, if we compare the current situation of the Park's wooded areas with photos taken in the early 20th century, we immediately see how the landscape has changed. The areas where wheat, rye or potatoes were grown have completely disappeared and have become open, overgrown spaces.

 

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